CSCC: A Common and Potentially Deadly Form of Skin Cancer | OncLive

Indications and Usage

LIBTAYO is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) or locally advanced CSCC who are not candidates for curative surgery or curative radiation.

This iPub® is sponsored by Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc and Sanofi Genzyme.

LIBTAYO® in Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

CSCC: A Common and Potentially Deadly Form of Skin Cancer

LIBTAYO® Clinical Trial Design, Results, and Safety

Patient Case 1 (laCSCC)

Patient Case 2 (laCSCC)

Patient Case 3 (mCSCC)

Safety and Tolerability Profile of LIBTAYO

Indication and Important Safety Information

Important Safety Information and Indication

Warnings and Precautions

Severe and Fatal Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions

Immune-mediated adverse reactions, which may be severe or fatal, can occur in any organ system or tissue and usually occur during treatment; however, they can also occur after discontinuation. Early identification and management are essential to ensuring safe use of PD-1–blocking antibodies. Monitor for symptoms and signs of immune-mediated adverse reactions. Evaluate clinical chemistries, including liver tests and thyroid function tests, at baseline and periodically during treatment. Institute medical management promptly to include specialty consultation as appropriate.

In general, withhold LIBTAYO for Grade 3 or 4 and certain Grade 2 immune-mediated adverse reactions. Permanently discontinue LIBTAYO for Grade 4 and certain Grade 3 immune-mediated adverse reactions. For Grade 3 or 4 and certain Grade 2 immune-mediated adverse reactions, administer corticosteroids (1 to 2 mg/kg/day prednisone or equivalent) or other appropriate therapy until improvement to Grade 1 or less followed by a corticosteroid taper over 1 month. Consider administration of other systemic immunosuppressants in patients whose immune-mediated adverse reaction is not controlled with corticosteroids. Institute hormone replacement therapy for endocrinopathies as warranted.

Immune-mediated pneumonitis: Immune-mediated pneumonitis occurred in 2.4% of 534 patients receiving LIBTAYO, including Grade 5 (0.2%), Grade 3 (0.7%), and Grade 2 (1.3%). Pneumonitis led to permanent discontinuation of LIBTAYO in 1.3% of patients. Systemic corticosteroids were required in all patients with pneumonitis, including 85% who received prednisone ≥40 mg/day or equivalent. Pneumonitis resolved in 62% of patients. Withhold LIBTAYO for Grade 2, and permanently discontinue for Grade 3 or 4. Resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper.

Immune-mediated colitis: Immune-mediated colitis occurred in 0.9% of 534 patients receiving LIBTAYO, including Grade 3 (0.4%) and Grade 2 (0.6%). Colitis led to permanent discontinuation of LIBTAYO in 0.2% of patients. Systemic corticosteroids were required in all patients with colitis, including 60% who received prednisone ≥40 mg/day or equivalent. Colitis resolved in 80% of patients. Withhold LIBTAYO for Grade 2 or 3, and permanently discontinue for Grade 4. Resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper.

Immune-mediated hepatitis: Immune-mediated hepatitis occurred in 2.1% of 534 patients receiving LIBTAYO, including Grade 5 (0.2%), Grade 4 (0.2%), and Grade 3 (1.7%). Hepatitis led to permanent discontinuation of LIBTAYO in 0.9% of patients. Systemic corticosteroids were required in all patients with hepatitis, including 91% who received prednisone ≥40 mg/day or equivalent. Hepatitis resolved in 64% of patients. Withhold LIBTAYO if AST or ALT increases to more than 3 and up to 10 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) or if total bilirubin increases up to 3 times the ULN. Permanently discontinue LIBTAYO if AST or ALT increases to more than 10 times the ULN or total bilirubin increases to more than 3 times the ULN. Resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper.

Immune-mediated endocrinopathies: Withhold LIBTAYO if clinically necessary for Grade 2, 3, or 4.

Adrenal insufficiency: Adrenal insufficiency occurred in 0.4% of 534 patients receiving LIBTAYO, including Grade 3 (0.2%) and Grade 2 (0.2%)

Hypophysitis: Hypophysitis, which can result in hypopituitarism, occurred in 0.2% of 534 patients receiving LIBTAYO, which consisted of 1 patient with Grade 3 hypophysitis

Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism occurred in 6% of 534 patients receiving LIBTAYO, including Grade 3 (0.2%) and Grade 2 (5.6%); no patients discontinued hormone replacement therapy

Hyperthyroidism: Hyperthyroidism occurred in 1.5% of 534 patients receiving LIBTAYO, including Grade 3 (0.2%) and Grade 2 (0.4%); hyperthyroidism resolved in 38% of patients

Type 1 diabetes mellitus: Type 1 diabetes mellitus, which can present with diabetic ketoacidosis, occurred in 0.7% of 534 patients, including Grade 4 (0.4%) and Grade 3 (0.4%); type 1 diabetes mellitus led to permanent discontinuation of LIBTAYO in 0.2% of patients

Immune-mediated nephritis with renal dysfunction: Immune-mediated nephritis occurred in 0.6% of 534 patients receiving LIBTAYO, including Grade 3 (0.4%) and Grade 2 (0.2%). Nephritis led to permanent discontinuation of LIBTAYO in 0.2% of patients. Systemic corticosteroids were required in all patients with nephritis, including 67% who received prednisone ≥40 mg/day or equivalent. Nephritis resolved in all patients. Withhold LIBTAYO for Grade 3, and permanently discontinue for Grade 4. Resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper.

Immune-mediated dermatologic adverse reactions: Immune-mediated dermatologic reactions, including erythema multiforme and pemphigoid, occurred in 1.7% of 534 patients receiving LIBTAYO, including Grade 3 (1.1%) and Grade 2 (0.6%). In addition, SJS and TEN have been observed with LIBTAYO and with other products in this class. Systemic corticosteroids were required in all patients with dermatologic reactions, including 89% who received prednisone ≥40 mg/day or equivalent. Dermatologic reactions resolved in 33% of patients. Approximately 22% of patients had recurrence of dermatologic reactions after re-initiation of LIBTAYO. Withhold LIBTAYO for Grade 3, and permanently discontinue for Grade 4. Resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper.

Other immune-mediated adverse reactions: The following clinically significant immune-mediated adverse reactions occurred at an incidence of <1% in 534 patients who received LIBTAYO or were reported with the use of other PD-1–blocking and PD-L1–blocking antibodies. Severe or fatal cases have been reported for some of these adverse reactions. Withhold LIBTAYO for Grade 3, and permanently discontinue for Grade 4. Resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper.

Neurological: Meningitis, encephalitis, myelitis and demyelination, myasthenic syndrome/myasthenia gravis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, nerve paresis, and autoimmune neuropathy

Cardiovascular: Myocarditis, pericarditis, and vasculitides

Ocular: Uveitis, iritis, and other ocular inflammatory toxicities. Some cases can be associated with retinal detachment. Various Grades of visual impairment to include blindness can occur. If uveitis occurs in combination with other immune-mediated adverse reactions, consider a Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada–like syndrome, as this may require treatment with systemic corticosteroids to reduce the risk of permanent vision loss

Gastrointestinal: Pancreatitis to include increases in serum amylase and lipase levels, gastritis, and duodenitis

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue: Myositis, rhabdomyolysis, and associated sequelae, including renal failure, arthritis, and polymyalgia rheumatica

Hematological and immunological: Hemolytic anemia, aplastic anemia, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, systemic inflammatory response syndrome, histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (Kikuchi lymphadenitis), sarcoidosis, immune thrombocytopenic purpura, and solid organ transplant rejection

Infusion-related reactions

Severe infusion-related reactions (Grade 3) occurred in 0.2% of patients receiving LIBTAYO. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of infusion-related reactions. Interrupt or slow the rate of infusion for Grade 1 or 2, and permanently discontinue for Grade 3 or 4.

Embryo-fetal toxicity

LIBTAYO can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman due to an increased risk of immune-mediated rejection of the developing fetus resulting in fetal death. Advise women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with LIBTAYO and for at least 4 months after the last dose.

Adverse reactions

Serious adverse reactions occurred in 28% of patients. Serious adverse reactions that occurred in ≥2% of patients were cellulitis, sepsis, pneumonia, pneumonitis, and urinary tract infection. The most common Grade 3-4 adverse reactions (≥2%) were cellulitis, sepsis, hypertension, pneumonia, musculoskeletal pain, skin infection, urinary tract infection, and fatigue

LIBTAYO was permanently discontinued due to adverse reactions in 5% of patients; adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation were pneumonitis, autoimmune myocarditis, hepatitis, aseptic meningitis, complex regional pain syndrome, cough, and muscular weakness

The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) were fatigue, rash, and diarrhea

Use in specific populations

Lactation: Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed children, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment and for at least 4 months after the last dose of LIBTAYO

Females and males of reproductive potential: Verify pregnancy status in females of reproductive potential prior to initiating LIBTAYO

Indications and Usage

LIBTAYO is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) or locally advanced CSCC who are not candidates for curative surgery or curative radiation. Please click here for full Prescribing Information.

Please click here for full Prescribing Information.

References: 1. LIBTAYO (cemiplimab-rwlc) injection full U.S. prescribing information. Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., and sanofi-aventis U.S. LLC 2. Data on file. Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 3. Migden MR et al. N Engl J Med. 2018;379(4):341-351. 4. Referenced with permission from the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) for Squamous Cell Skin Cancer V.1.2020. © National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Inc. 2019. All rights reserved. Accessed November 10, 2019. To view the most recent and complete version of the guidelines, go online to NCCN.org.

Please click here for full Prescribing Information.

Meet the Speakers

Brent Moody headshot

Brent Moody, MD, FACP, FAAD

Dermatologic Surgeon
Skin Cancer Surgery Center
Heritage Medical Associates
Nashville, Tennessee

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