Flash Findings

By Elizabeth J. Mills
Published: Tuesday, Aug 17, 2010
%u25BA FLASHFINDINGS: Fast Facts from the Front Lines

Cancer Risk Factors and Mortality

• Environmental factors such as infectious

  agents, poor nutrition, tobacco use, occupational

  exposure to carcinogens, and

  exposure to sunlight or pollutants account

  for 75% to 80% of cancer diagnoses

  and deaths in the United States. Source:

  Cancer Facts & Figures 2006, American

  Cancer Society

• Cancer was the second leading cause of

  death in the United States in 2004, with

  an average of 187.4 deaths per 100,000

  people. Source: “Fast Facts A to Z,” National

  Center for Health Statistics, http://


  (cited January 2007)

• Adults who are long-term survivors of

  childhood brain cancers or leukemia are

  at increased risk for stroke. In a study of

  about 4,800 patients, survivors of childhood

  leukemia had a stroke rate of 0.8%,

  with an average of 10 years between the

  original diagnosis and the incidence of

  stroke. The stroke rate in the control

  group of patients who had not experienced

  childhood leukemia was 0.2%. The

  survivors of childhood brain tumors had

  from 3.4% to 6.5% stroke rates, depending

  on the type of treatment they had received

  for the tumors. Patients who had

  received both chemotherapy and radiation

  therapy had the highest incidence

  of stroke. The average interval from diagnosis

  to stroke was 14 years in this

  population. Source: “Childhood Cancer

  Survivors Face Long-Term Stroke Risk,”

  Medline Plus, http://www.nlm.nih.gov/


  (cited January 2007)

Bladder Cancer

• An estimated 53,000 people are diagnosed ary 2007)

  with bladder cancer in the United States

  each year, with approximately 12,000

  deaths from the disease annually. Source:

  “Bladder Cancer,” UrologyHealth.org,


  cfm?cat=04&topic=37 (cited January 2007)

• People who use tobacco are two to three

  times more likely to develop bladder cancer

  than those who do not. Source: “Bladder

  Cancer,” UrologyHealth.org, http://


  cfm?cat=04&topic=37 (cited January 2007)

• Bladder cancer is the fourth most common

  form of cancer among men and the

  ninth most common among women; men

  are four times more likely to develop

  the disease than women. Source: Bladder

  Cancer, American Urological Association

  Foundation, http://www.urologyhealth.


  (cited January 2007)

Testicular Cancer

• Although testicular tumors are uncommon,

  occurring in only three of every 100,000

  men each year, testicular cancer is the

  most common form of cancer in men.

• Patients whose testicular cancer is detected

  and treated early have nearly a 100%

  chance of cure when treatment consists

  of a combination of surgery and chemotherapy.

  Patients with advanced disease

  have approximately 85% likelihood of a

  cure with the combined treatment.

Source: “Testicular Cancer,” UrologyHealth.

org, http://www.urologyhealth.org/adult/

index.cfm?cat=04&topic=136 (cited January 2007)

Breast Cancer

• An estimated 214,640 new cases of breast

  cancer were diagnosed in 2006, with

  212,920 in women and 1,720 in men.

  Deaths from breast cancer were estimated

  at 41,430 (40,970 among women and

  460 among men). Source: Cancer Facts &

  Figures 2006, American Cancer Society

• Mutations in genes BRCA1 and BRCA2

  that increase susceptibility to breast

  cancer are responsible for 5% to 10% of

  all cases of the disease. However, testing

  for the presence of these mutations

  is not routinely performed because they

  are present in less than 1% of the population.

  Source: Cancer Facts & Figures

  2006, American Cancer Society

• Breast cancer occurs in approximately

  one in 3,000 pregnant women. This figure

  is expected to increase, however, because

  women are waiting longer to have

  children, and the risk of breast cancer

  increases with age. Source: “Pregnancy

  and Breast Cancer,” American Cancer

  Society, http://www.cancer.org/docroot/


  Breast_Cancer.asp?sitearea= (cited January


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