John Theurer Cancer Center Investigators Report Poor Colorectal Cancer Biomarker Testing Rates

Published: Monday, Jan 13, 2020

Stuart L. Goldberg, MD
Stuart L. Goldberg, MD
Investigators at John Theurer Cancer Center (JTCC) at Hackensack University Medical Center in New Jersey are the first to report poor adherence to genomic profiling guidelines for four biomarkers of metastatic colorectal cancer used to predict response to therapy, choose the most effective treatment, and improve outcomes — showing that only 40% of patients had their tumors tested. The study was published online in the December 6, 2019 issue of JCO Precision Oncology, a publication of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO).

"Despite guidelines that recommend testing for four common biomarkers in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, overall testing rates were suboptimal," noted hematologist-oncologist Stuart L. Goldberg, M.D., Chief, Division of Outcomes and Value-Based Care at JTCC, Associate Professor of Medicine at Seton Hall School of Medicine, and senior author of the study. "We expected there to be better awareness of the guidelines with time and increased testing rates over the years, but that did not turn out to be the case."

Genomic testing is recognized in national guidelines as essential to guide appropriate therapy selection in metastatic colorectal cancer. The presence or absence of mutations in genes such as RAS (KRAS and NRAS) and BRAF and genetic changes called microsatellite instability (MSI) can predict how well a patient will respond to metastatic colorectal cancer therapies such as cetuximab, panitumumab, and immunotherapy with pembrolizumab. Starting in 2009 and over the ensuing decade, ASCO and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) began publishing guidelines recommending routine genomic testing for KRAS, NRAS, BRAF, and MSI status in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.

Studies published earlier have reported that adherence to testing guidelines was suboptimal, but current testing rates have not been assessed. Investigators at John Theurer Cancer Center retrospectively reviewed the COTA Real World Data database to identify patients with metastatic colorectal cancer diagnosed between 2013 and 2017. Among the 1,497 patients identified, testing for biomarkers according to the guidelines for RAS, BRAF, and MSI were 41%, 43%, and 51%, respectively. RAS and BRAF testing were more likely to be done in academic medical centers compared with community hospitals. Of 177 patients who received cetuximab or panitumumab — drugs indicated for the treatment of people with normal RAS genes — only 28% had undergone tumor testing for RAS status.

"When biomarker testing is underutilized, it places patients at risk of receiving ineffective therapies and may delay or prevent them from receiving appropriate therapeutic options," explained lead author Martin E. Gutierrez, M.D., Chief of Thoracic Oncology and Director of Drug Discovery and the Phase I Unit at JTCC. "Adherence to guideline-recommended biomarker testing would potentially reduce exposure to expensive and ineffective therapies, resulting in more rationale care and improved patient outcomes."

The investigators noted that possible barriers to biomarker testing may include availability of tumor tissue, turnaround time, physician knowledge, cost and insurance issues, patient preferences, and patient eligibility for therapy based on overall health.

For more information, please contact Mary McGeever with Hackensack University Medical Center’s Communications and Public Relations Department at 551-996-1730 or

About John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack University Medical Center

John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack University Medical Center is New Jersey’s largest and most comprehensive center dedicated to the diagnosis, treatment, management, research, screenings, and preventive care as well as survivorship of patients with all types of cancers. The 15 specialized divisions covering the complete spectrum of cancer care have developed a close-knit team of medical, research, nursing, and support staff with specialized expertise that translates into more advanced, focused care for all patients. Each year, more people in the New Jersey/New York metropolitan area turn to John Theurer Cancer Center for cancer care than to any other facility in New Jersey. John Theurer Cancer Center is a member of the Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center Consortium, one of just 16 NCI-approved cancer research consortia based at the nation’s most prestigious institutions. Housed within a 775-bed not-for-profit teaching, tertiary care, and research hospital, John Theurer Cancer Center provides state-of-the-art technological advances, compassionate care, research innovations, medical expertise, and a full range of aftercare services that distinguish John Theurer Cancer Center from other facilities. For additional information, please visit

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