David Maloney, MD, PhD
The oncology community saw the first FDA approval of a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy in August 2017, when tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) was approved for the treatment of patients up to 25 years of age with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that is refectory or in second or later relapse.
that was conducted between the time of these 2 approvals, David G. Maloney, MD, PhD, a member of the Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discussed the progress made with CAR T cells, as well as the challenges that still exist in the use of this therapy.
OncLive: Can you discuss the success that has been seen with CAR T-cell therapy in ALL?
We are doing most of our research in CAR T cells, and that is what I am the most interested in. The process for a CAR gene-modified T cell is that we take out a patient’s normal resting T cells and separate them in the laboratory into different populations and transduce them with a lentivirus expressing a CAR. That CAR gene now makes an antibody transgene on the cell surface that can then bind the T cell to whatever the target is.
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