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Radiotherapy Shows Benefit in Select Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Brandon Scalea
Published: Friday, Jan 04, 2019

Chris Parker, MD

Chris Parker, MD

Radiotherapy should be a standard treatment option for patients with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer who have a low metastatic burden, said Chris Parker, MD.

, Parker, who is the lead author of the study and a consultant clinical oncologist at The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust in the United Kingdom, discussed the clinical implications of STAMPEDE and how radiotherapy fits into the treatment paradigm for these patients.

OncLive: Please provide some background to this study.

Parker: Men with metastatic prostate cancer have always been managed with systemic treatment only. They have not had specific treatment of the prostate unless they had symptoms of progressive disease. In terms of radiation therapy and surgery, it was palliation only. In some preclinical models, it looks like when you treat the primary cancer, the metastases actually slow down and you can improve survival. That was the hypothesis we wanted to test in this trial of men with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer. Metastatic disease is, sadly, incurable and the average survival is around 4 years. There is clearly scope to improve that considerably. Radiotherapy is a very simple treatment and it is very well tolerated, so if it works, it is an important addition to treatment. 

What were the findings?

The trial included just over 2000 patients and they were randomized to receive drug therapy alone or drug therapy plus radiation to the prostate. The primary endpoint was OS, and it was significantly improved by radiotherapy. The hazard ratio was 0.9. However, we did a prespecified subgroup analysis according to metastatic disease burden. In patients with high metastatic disease burden, the trial was completely negative. In patients with low metastases, we saw a benefit—about a 30% improvement in OS. 

What is your take-home message from these data?

I should perhaps start by saying some people are skeptical about subgroup analyses in general, but this particular subgroup finding is robust, and one can be confident about it. Our group meets the standard criteria in evaluating subgroup effects. In the future, prostate radiotherapy should be a standard treatment option for men with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer and a low metastatic burden.

Our findings are sufficient to change clinical practice. When patients come to the clinic with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer with low metastatic burden, they should receive radiotherapy. Going forward, there are a couple of other questions we should ask. Is there potential for radiotherapy to oligometastases? Also, can we expand this to other solid tumors? 
Parker CC, ND James, C Brawley, et al. Radiotherapy (RT) to the primary tumour for men with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer (PCa): survival results from STAMPEDE (NCT00268476). In: Proceedings from the 2018 ESMO Congress; October 19-23, 2018; Munich, Germany. Abstract LBA5.

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