Jeffrey Weber, MD, PhD
For decades, physicians treating patients with melanoma had 1 option with demonstrated efficacy in the adjuvant setting: interferon alfa-2B.
“There will be patients who are not good candidates for targeted therapy,” said Hauschild, who is a professor of dermatology at the University of Kiel in Germany. “There will be patients who are not good candidates for immunotherapy. That is just a practical consideration.”
The phase III CheckMate 238 trial included 906 patients with stages IIIB, IIIC, and IV completely resected melanoma who had ≥50% risk of relapse over 5 years. Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to 3 mg/kg intravenous (IV) nivolumab given every 2 weeks or 10 mg/kg IV ipilimumab every 3 weeks for 4 doses, followed by 10 mg/kg every 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was RFS.
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