Narjust Duma, MD
Hematology and oncology fellow
Study results demonstrate that men and women differ in their immunological responses to foreign and self-antigens. Women have stronger responses to vaccinations and infections than men.1
One potential cause of these immunologic differences is sex hormones: Among women, some differences in immune response are more apparent during puberty or child-bearing years. Furthermore, sex hormones might play a role in regulation of the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway, although this theory is based exclusively on data from animal studies.
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