Dr. Jain on Unmet Needs in Patients with Myelofibrosis Undergoing Allo-SCT

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Tania Jain, MBBS, discusses the unmet needs for patients with myelofibrosis who receive an allogeneic stem cell transplant.

Tania Jain, MBBS, director, Adult Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-cell Therapy Program for Hematological Malignancies, Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Assistant Professor of Oncology, Johns Hopkins Medicine, discusses the unmet needs for patients with myelofibrosis who receive an allogeneic stem cell transplant (allo-SCT).

At the 2023 Transplantation and Cellular Therapy Meetings, Jain presented data from a retrospective study evaluating outcomes for patients with myelofibrosis who had haploidentical donors (HD) and posttransplant cyclophosphamide vs other common donor types.

Findings from the study reflected that investigators still have considerable work to do in order to optimize allo-SCTs for patients with myelofibrosis, Jain begins. One area of need is relapse prevention, Jain says, adding that investigators are working to set up studies evaluating maintenance strategies post–allo-SCT to improve relapse rates.

Moreover, in the retrospective study, investigators showed that relapse rates were higher for patients with a larger spleen size going into transplant, Jain says. Novel agents currently under investigation in myelofibrosis could improve spleen response in patients, Jain continues. These could be beneficial for patients who will undergo allo-SCT, and it will be helpful to observe what a improved spleen responses with advanced therapies could mean for patients achieve in terms of transplant outcomes, Jain explains.

If patients with myelofibrosis are going to be referred for transplant, it should be done early before they have the chance to get worse or progress, Jain continues. The longer the patient is not referred, the quicker the window for transplant closes, and sicker patients do not do as well on clinical trials, Jain says. Moreover, it is important not to delay transplant looking for a perfectly matched donor when there are options with different donor types that can also help patients, which is important to consider, Jain concludes.

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