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The 60mg phase 2 dose of selinexor plus pomalidomide and dexamethasone produced more durable and deep responses than the lesser selinexor dose for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.
The recommended 60-mg phase 2 dose of selinexor (Xpovio) plus pomalidomide (Pomalyst) and dexamethasone (XPd-60) produced stronger and deeper responses compared with a lower, 40-mg dose with the same pomalidomide and dexamethasone backbone (XPd-40) in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma who were previously treated with a CD38-directed monoclonal antibody, according to results from the multi-arm phase 1b/2 STOMP study (NCT02343042) that were presented during the 2021 ASH Annual Meeting & Exposition.1
The findings revealed that patients in the XPd-60 arm had an overall response rate (ORR) of 65.0% compared with 48.1% in the XPd-40 arm. Responses were notably deeper in the XPd-60 arm, with a complete response (CR)/stringent CR rate of 5.0% and a very good partial response rate of 25.0% compared with 3.7% and 7.4% in the XPd-40 arm, respectively. The clinical benefit rate was 75.0% and 70.4% in the XPd-60 and XPd-40 arms, respectively.
“There is a need for effective and well-tolerated therapies to treat multiple myeloma that has progressed after treatment with [anti-CD38 monoclonal antibodies], as well as with lenalidomide (Revlimid) and bortezomib (Velcade),” poster presenter, Darrell White, MD, a hematologist; professor of medicine in the Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine; and the senior associate dean at the Dalhousie University and Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Halifax, NS, Canada, said in his presentation of the data.
Eligible patients had relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma and were previously treated with at least 2 cycles of lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitor. Although prior pomalidomide (Pomalyst) treatment was allowed, patients who had pomalidomide-refractory multiple myeloma were only eligible for the dose escalation phase.
The primary end points of the trial included determining the maximum tolerated dose, recommended phase 2 dose, and ORR. Secondary end points included safety and tolerability, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS).
The XPd-60 arm featured the recommended phase 2 dose, was 60 mg of selinexor once weekly combined with 4 mg of pomalidomide once daily from days 1 to 21 and 40 mg of dexamethasone once weekly. The XPd-40 arm received 40 mg of selinexor with the same pomalidomide/dexamethasone backbone.
At the October 8, 2021, cutoff date, 27 patients were enrolled in the XPd-40 arm and 20 were included in the XPd-60 arm. The median age was 67.0 years (range, 48-78). Additionally, 63% of patients were male, and 51.9% had an ECOG performance status of 1. For the XPd-60 arm, patients had a median age of 65.5 years (range, 37-85). Sixty-five percent of patients were female and 70% had an ECOG performance status of 1.
All patients underwent prior therapy with lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitor. Moreover, 59.3% of patients in the XPd-40 arm received prior therapy with daratumumab compared with 30.0% of patients in the XPd-60 arm.
The median PFS was 10.9 months (95% CI, 7.6–not evaluable [NE]) in the XPd-60 arm and was NE (95% CI, 5.7-NE) in the XPd-40 arm. The median duration of response was 10.0 months (95% CI, 3.9-NE) and NE (95% CI, NE-NE) in the XPd-60 and XPd-40 arms, respectively. The median time to response was 1.0 months in both arms, respective.
For patients who underwent prior therapy with an anti–CD38 monoclonal antibody, the ORR was 100% in the XPd-60 arm compared with 5.00% in the XPd-40 arm. The clinical benefit rate for this population was 100% and 68.8% in the XPd-60 and XPd-40 arms, respectively. Moreover, the median PFS for those previously treated with an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody was 8.9 months (95% CI, 7.6-NE) in the XPd-60 arm and NE (95% CI, 3.3-NE) in the XPd-40 arm.
The most common any grade hematologic treatment-emergent adverse effects (TEAEs) in both the XPd-60 and XPd-40 arms, respectively were neutropenia (75.0% vs 63.0%), anemia (65.0% vs 33.3%), and thrombocytopenia (45.0% vs 29.6%). Common any grade non-hematologic TEAEs in the XPd-60 and XPd-40 arms, respectively, were fatigue (75.0% vs 40.7%), nausea (70.0% vs 25.9%), diarrhea (35.0% vs 18.5%), constipation (10.0% vs 25.9%), reduced appetite (30.0% vs 11.0%), and decreased weight (25.0% vs 11.1%).
Common grade 3 TEAEs in the XPd-60 and XPd-40 arms, respectively, included neutropenia (35.0% vs 25.9%), anemia (25.0% vs 7.4%), and thrombocytopenia (15.0% vs 11.1%). Grade 4 neutropenia was observed in both arms (25.0% vs 25.9%), respectively, and grade 4 thrombocytopenia was seen in the XPd-60 arm only (10.0%).