In patients with advanced RET fusion–positive non-small cell lung cancer, pralsetinib demonstrated promising results regardless of previous therapies.
In patients with advanced RET fusion–positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), pralsetinib (Gavreto) demonstrated promising results regardless of previous therapies, according to data from the Chinese cohort of the global ARROW study (BLU-667-1101; NCT03037385).
“So far, both in America and in China, this drug has been approved for RET fusion positive non-small cell lung cancer patients based on the global trial ARROW study,” said lead study author Qing Zhou, MD, of the Guangdong Lung Cancer Institute in Guangdong, China, during his presentation at the 2021 World Conference on Lung Cancer.
There were 63 patients enrolled in the Chinese cohort of the study: 33 had prior platinum-based chemotherapy treatment while 30 had no prior systemic treatment.
Of those who had chemotherapy prior there was an overall response rate (ORR) of 66.7% (n=22; 95% Cl: 48.2-82.0) at a median follow-up of 17.0 months (range: 16.3-18.1) . Three percent (n=1) had a complete response (CR) and 63.6% (n=21) had a partial response (PR). Researchers reported that the median time to first response among this pretreated patient cohort was 1.87 months (range, 1.7-3.8). Six-month and 9-month duration of response (DOR) rates were 77.3% (95% Cl: 59.8-94.8) and 50.0% (95% Cl: 29.1-70.9), respectively. Treatment duration had a median of 14.65 months (range: 0.9-20.0).
In the group of patients who did not receive prior therapy, the ORR was 80% (n=24; 95% Cl, 61.4-92.3), of which 6.7% (n=2) experienced a CR and 73.3% (n=22) experienced a PR. Median follow-up for these patients was 8.2 months (range: 7.1-8.6), while the median treatment duration was 7.13 months (range: 0.5-14.0) . Median time to first response among the group was 1.87 months (range, 1.7-3.8) . DOR rates were 76.7% (95% Cl: 55.6-97.8) and 38.3% (95% Cl: 0.0-92.5), at the 6- and 9-month marks, respectively.
Of note, 68.18% (n=15) of responders who were on platinum-based chemotherapy prior and 79.17% (n=19) of those without prior treatment remain on the treatment.
“I think the pralsetinib should be a new standard of care for both Chinese patients and other global patients with RET fusion-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancers,” Zhou said.
Data from the study reported that pralsetinib was well-tolerated in the Chinese patient cohort with a manageable safety profile. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TRAEs) were experienced in all 68 patients, 7 of which discontinued treatment due to a TRAE.
“I think compared to other targeted treatment, we should pay more attention to the hematological toxicities,” Zhou explained, highlighting neutropenia, anemia and platelet count decrease as some of the hematological adverse events to look out for.
Any-grade TRAEs included aspartate aminotransferase increase (80.9%), white blood cell count decrease (60.3%), alanine aminotransferase increase (57.4%), blood creatine phosphokinase increase (45.6%), hypertension (35.3%), blood creatine increase (29.4%), bilirubin conjugated increase (27.9%), constipation (27.9%), gamma-glutamyltransferase increase (27.9%), blood alkaline phosphatase increase (26.5%), malaise (25.0%), blood bilirubin increase (23.5%) and hypocalcemia (20.6%).
Grade 3 or 4 TRAEs that occurred in 5% or more were decreased lymphocyte counts (5.9%), leukopenia (5.9%), and hypophosphataemia (11.8%).
“I think to conclude, pralsetinib is a promising type of treatment with rapid and durable clinical activity in Chinese are patients with RET fusion-positive non-small cell lung cancer regardless of the previous treatment. And the safety profile is manageable and the tolerable,” Zhou said.