Lauren C. Harshman, MD
Although the S-TRAC trial showed a disease-free survival (DFS) benefit at more than 1 year with adjuvant sunitinib (Sutent), Lauren C. Harshman, MD, says that patients with high-risk clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) could still develop recurrence. Therefore, studies of adjuvant immunotherapy offer an exciting alternative.
State of the Science Summit™ on Genitourinary Cancers, Harshman, assistant professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School, senior physician, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, weighed the advantages and disadvantages of emerging adjuvant therapies, and she discussed ongoing clinical trials examining the incorporation of immune therapies into practice.
OncLive: What are the latest adjuvant treatments in high-risk RCC?
In terms of nonmetastatic RCC, we are in the early stages of developing something better than nephrectomy alone. The standard of care today remains surgical removal of the primary tumor. A large number of patients, especially those with higher-stage disease—T3, T4, or clinical node-positive disease—have a very high risk of recurrence. There have been 40 years of investigation with various drugs in the metastatic setting that were effective or minimally effective. We have since moved them forward, and the 1 positive trial—S-TRAC, with sunitinib—was countered by the negative ASSURE trial.
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