The Lung Cancer Master Protocol, known as the first precision medicine trial in lung cancer supported by the National Cancer Institute, has expanded to include patients with all types of non–small cell lung cancers.
Vali Papadimitrakopoulou, MD
The Lung Cancer Master Protocol (Lung-MAP), known as the first precision medicine trial in lung cancer supported by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), has expanded to include patients with all types of non—small cell lung cancers (NSCLC), according to SWOG, the organization that manages the trial program.1
The biomarker-driven, umbrella-design trial, which initially launched in 2014, previously enrolled patients with advanced-stage squamous cell lung cancer. It was originally designed to evaluate 4 novel targeted agents and one immunotherapy agent compared with standard-of-care regimens in separate, randomized substudies. Since its inception, Lung-MAP has registered nearly 2000 patients and is offered at more than 650 medical centers and community hospitals in the United States. The study can be opened at any institution within the NCI’s National Clinical Trials Network.
"We have more than 200,000 new cases of non—small cell lung cancer in the United States each year, and we desperately need new treatments," said Lung-MAP principal investigator Vali Papadimitrakopoulou, MD, chief of thoracic medical oncology and professor of medicine at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, in a press release. "When most people are diagnosed with non–small cell lung cancer, their cancer has already grown and spread to other organs. If standard therapies don't work for these patients—and often they don't—they need alternatives. Lung-MAP provides those alternatives."
In Lung-MAP, patients are assigned to substudies based on their genomic profile; more than 200 molecular abnormalities are analyzed before enrolling patients on substudies with targeted therapies that match their genomic analysis.
Beyond the inclusion of all NSCLCs, which comprise approximately 85% of all lung cancer cases in the United States, additional updates will be made to the trial in 2019, according to the press release. First, a new screening protocol will include the addition of liquid biopsies and a consent form that combines both screening and prescreening as an easier method for patients.
An additional 2 drug substudies within Lung-MAP is scheduled to open in early 2019; one will evaluate a PARP inhibitor and the other will test the combination of a PD-L1 inhibitor plus a VEGF inhibitor. SWOG stated that 2 more substudies are in development and are planned to open later this year.
Moreover, a new mandate will require hospitals, clinics, and other sites that choose to open the Lung-MAP trial to use the NCI's Central Institutional Review Board to oversee trial changes. This move will potentially allow a speedier process of opening the study and registering patients.
A 2015 revision allowed the trial to investigate 3 targeted agents in single-arm, phase II substudies for patients with matching driver mutations.2 These included taselisib for patients with PIK3CA mutations, palbociclib (Ibrance) for cell cycle gene alterations (CCGAs), and AZD4547 for those with FGFR mutations.
"The Lung-MAP trial has already proven its value by successfully completing trials with new targeted agents in selected, molecularly defined subsets of squamous cell lung cancer. This amendment to the trial will allow patients with all types of non—small cell lung cancer to potentially benefit," said Meg Mooney, MD, acting associate director of the National Cancer Institute’s Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program. “Checkpoint inhibitors have produced a major advance in this refractory cancer, and Lung-MAP now intends to build on the success of these immunotherapy agents by adding new agents to further increase the effectiveness of this approach.”